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En esta sección, La Silla Vacía publica los libros y los documentos producidos por las universidades que tienen una suscripción con La Silla Vacía. También documentos elaborados por académicos para empresas privadas que están suscritas a La Silla.

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Documento CEDE No.14 2013: Sunlight Disinfects? Free Media in Weak Democracies
Descripción:
Free media may not favor political accountability when other democratic institutions are weak, and may even bring undesirable unintended consequences. We propose a simple model in which politicians running for office may engage in coercion to obtain votes. A media scandal that exposes these candidates increases their coercion effort to offset the negative popularity shock. This may result in the tainted politicians actually increasing their vote share. We provide empirical evidence from one recent episode in the political history of Colombia, the `parapolitics' scandal featuring politicians colluding with illegal armed paramilitary groups to obtain votes. We show that colluding candidates not only get more votes than their clean competitors, but also concentrate them in areas where coercion is more likely (namely, areas with more paramilitary presence, less state presence, and more judicial ineficiency). Harder to reconcile with other explanations and as a direct test of the effects of media exposure, we compare tainted candidates exposed before elections to those exposed after. We find that those exposed before elections get as many votes as those exposed once elected, but their electoral support is more strongly concentrated in places where coercion is more likely. Our results highlight the complementarity between different dimensions of democratic institutions.
Hilos temáticos: 
Precio: 
$0
Páginas: 
57
Fecha de publicación: 
Junio 04, 2013
ISBN: 
1657-7191
Reseña: 
Comentarios - Cada usuario tiene la posibilidad de incluir solo tres comentarios
Mar, 2013-12-17 09:41
Ahora que arrancan las elecciones y que los periodistas nos concentramos en señalar los políticos que han heredado estructuras políticas teñidas de vínculos con organizaciones ilegales, bien vale la pena leer este estudio que lo pone a uno a pensar sobre qué debemos hacer los medios frente a estos personajes.
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